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Tornado
Losses & Ejections
THIS IS A WORK IN PROGRESS AND IS NOT A DEFINITIVE LISTING - ANY HELP WITH CREW PHOTOS EXTRA INFO APPRECIATED

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crashed crew photo seat
27th April 1981
Italian AF
Tornado       ejected safely   Martin-Baker
13th June 1981
Italian AF
Tornado       ejected safely   Martin-Baker
First Loss of RAF Tornado
 27th September 1983
RAF 
Tornado GR1 ZA586/A
9 Sqn
Night Flight. Crashed into field near Wolfeston Village, six miles North of Kings
Lynn
    Martin-Baker
Sqn. Ldr. Michael Stephens,
ordered the navigator to eject but failed to do so himself and was killed in the crash
Navigator Flt. Lt. N. Nickles ejected Martin-Baker
28th October 1983
RAF
tornado GR1 ZA558/F
617 Sqn
  Flight Lieutenant Ian Charles DIXON Sqn. Ldr. G. Thurston ejected Martin-Baker
 

28‑Oct‑83 ZA558 Tornado GR1              617 Sqn            off Sheringham Norfolk                                       1

A crew who flew regularly together were returning to base when the navigator was unable to communicate with the pilot, despite repeated attempts to do so. The aircraft began a gentle tight hand descending turn and the navigator became alarmed at the proximity of the sea. As the aircraft passed 90 feet the navigator used the Command Ejection System to eject both himself and the pilot from the aircraft. The navigator spent over three hours in the water before rescue but the pilot was never found,

W although his ejection seat was recovered from the seabed. There seemed to be no external reasons for the pilot's incapacitation and it could only be assumed that some unforeseen medical condition rendered him unconscious.

 

 

6th February 1984
RAF
Tornado GR1 ZA451 15 Sqn Struck by lightning. Caught fire and crashed near Jever, West Germany     Martin-Baker Mk.10
Flight Lieutenant F P Smith
ejected
Squadron Leader Ian Travers‑Smith
ejected
Martin-Baker Mk.10
 

With regard to Tornado ZD451 (lightning strike) I remember reading the official accident report on this particular crash and I believe the crew were severely reprimanded for ejecting from a serviceable aircraft. Apparently they could have saved the aircraft by jettisoning the drop tank
which was all that was on fire.
Hope this is of interest to you.
Gary

FEEDBACK

Crash of ZD451 I was a lightning strike expert at RAE Farnborough in 1984 and was sent to investigate the crash as well as the state of the other 2 aircraft. All three aircraft showed the classic signs of lightning strike - melting at the attachment points. The pitot probe of ZD451 was found by a member of the RAF Regiment, this showed signs of lightning strike despite being bent into the shape of a paperclip! Near the impact site the circuit boards from the pylon decoder units were found and subsequently shown to be still functional.
Dr. John Bishop
in email 23rd May 2014

12th July 1984
RAF
Tornado GR1 ZA408 TWCU collided with Jaguar GR1 XZ393/GK of 54 Sqn. crashed near  Sheringham, Hempstead, Norfolk

The Jaguar crashed into the North Sea Cromer, Norfolk

    Martin-Baker Mk.10
Squadron Leader Alan Eric "Al" Boxall‑Hunt
ejected
Flight Lieutenant T S Cave
ejected
Martin-Baker Mk.10
18th July 1984
RAF
Tornado GR1 ZA494/15
27 Sqn

On approach to Goose Bay, Canada after loss of control due to flap failure. It hit the runway and bounced and crashed inverted in woods.

    Martin-Baker Mk.10

Wing Commander J B Grogan
Squadron Commander
ejected

Flight Lieutenant J Plumb
ejected
Martin-Baker Mk.10
   
FEEDBACK

I have a little bit of info on the loss of ZA494 on the approach to Goose Bay on the 17/07/84.
The main cause of the accident was that there was a crack on the telescopic shaft to the flap control unit. This caused only the slats to extend.
As the flaps had not extended, full roll authority remained. At some point on short finals the pilot applied roll. Pehapse due to the wind. This cause a pilot induced osscilation in roll and this combined with the lack of flight testing of the Tornado with empty underwing fuel tanks and with stores on the outboard pylons made the pilot initiate a go around and he applied full reheat but at the same time realised that they would hit the ground and initiated command ejection. They both survived and lived to fly another day.

Hope this info is useful
James

8-11-1984

 


RAF
Tornado GR1 ZA603/08
27 Sqn

crashed near Shwenfurt, West

Germany

 



 
    Martin-Baker Mk.10
Pilot ejected Navigator ejected Martin-Baker Mk.10

The aircraft began to buffet and tumble out of control after the pilot had taken violent evasive action to avoid a USAF A10A. He was unable to reach the ejection handle so the navugator initiated command ejection.

[bmal/224] & [bmalog/105]

08‑Nov‑84 ZA603 Tornado GR1              27 Sqn              Near Schweinfurt Germany                                 0

The pilot took avoiding action to provide separation from another aircraft. However, the navigator, who had been looking down into the cockpit, noHced the unusual attitude and proximity of the ground and thought the aircraft was about to crash. He, therefore, ejected both crew using the Command Ejection System.

 
FEEDBACK


I don't think the information on ZA603 is altogether accurate - my memory from the accident report
was that the navigator had been reading an article on the effect of high power HF transmissions on
'fly by wire' aircraft (the HF radios on Tornados were at one time inhibited because transmitting
caused the right hand engine to go into reheat) just prior to the sortie and noted that the routing
took them quite close to some radio masts.

He was actually looking down at his knee pad map when the pilot made an aggressive manoeuvre to
avoid the A10 and thought the aircraft had gone out of control. He immediately ejected and as the
command ejection system was set to 'both' he ejected the pilot as well.
The command ejection system was always set to 'both' after Squadron Leader Mike Stephens lost his life in the first Tornado
crash in Sept 1983. The aircraft lost all power and it was agreed between the crew that the
navigator would eject first followed by the pilot. It was thought that the fumes from the ejection
seat rocket pack may have incapacitated the pilot and he was unable to eject. Sadly, his wife was
working in RAF Honington air traffic control at the time. I spent a couple of cold nights as a crash
guard at the site (which was actually in a ploughed field on the edge of WOLFERTON village, a few
hundred yards from the Queen's estate railway station and not Wolfeston Marsh).

Hope this is of interest to you.

Regards

 Gary Waters
in email 4th May 2008

2nd December 1986
RAF
Tornado GR1 ZA555 TWCU Crashed into a field at Rookery Farm, Wortham, near Diss,
Norfolk
    Martin-Baker
Flt. Lt. J. Magowan Sqn. Ldr. E. J. Wyer Martin-Baker
10th December 1986
RAF
Tornado GR1 ZA605/G
617 Sqn
Collided with Tornado GR1 ZA611/A  617 Sqn while joining
up after take off from Marham on a night sortie. Crashed onto a disused railway line one and
a half miles north of Thorney, Cambs. ZA611 made an emergency landing at
Marham
    Martin-Baker
Flt. Lt. R. P. Lewis Flt. Lt. A. M. Randall Martin-Baker
12th December 1986
RAF

Tornado GR1

ZA610


617 Sqn
RAF Marham

Crashed into the North sea off Flamborough Head whilst locating a Buccaneer tanker for a night time air to air refuelling mission

    Martin-Baker
Flt. Lt. Mike Barnard
(pilot)
killed
Flt. Lt. John Sheen
(nav.)
killed
Martin-Baker
FEEDBACK

I was looking through your Tornado page and noticed one you haven't listed - I was on the ground crew team at the time (and they were the Squadron's most popular crew with the groundcrew at the time) so remember it well.

Tornado GR1 ZA610, 617 sqn, RAF Marham. 12 Dec 1986, crashed into the North sea off Flamborough Head whilst locating a Buccaneer tanker for a night time air to air refuelling mission. Both crew Flt. Lts Mike Barnard (pilot) and John Sheen (nav.) were killed.

Cheers
Stuart Morgan

30th March 1987
RAF
Tornado GR1 ZD894/BE
14 Sqn
Crashed near Hunxe, West Germany     Martin-Baker
Flt. Lt. J. A. Hill Flt. Lt. J. P. Moloney Martin-Baker
15th April 1987
RAF
Tornado GR1 ZA366 TWCU Fire
damaged controls. Crashed onto the old airfield at Manby, Lincs
     
ejected ejected  
3rd June 1987
RAF
Tornado            
W.C A. V. B. Hawken W.C N. R. Irving  
17th June 1987
RAF
 Tornado GR1 ZA493/GH 20 Sqn
RAF Waddington
collided with RAF Jaguar GR1 XZ116/D of 441 Sqnhead on in the Borrowdale Valley, Cumbria both crashing at Wall Crag. The Jaguar pilot was killed      
Flt. Lt. N. J.Campion Flt. Lt. J. S. Head.  
FEEDBACK
part 1

Re RAF Tornado ZA493
Your site says that this aircraft was from 41 Sqn and the Jaguar that it hit was from 20 Sqn - this is the wrong way round.
The 20 Sqn Tornado had taken off from Waddington (on detachment from Laarbruch) and the Jaguar was from 41 Sqn

I hope this helps.
Cheers

Steve Cook
in email 11th November 2008
[amended 22nd November 2008]

 

27th July 1987
RAF
Tornado GR.1 ZD738/DD
31 Sqn
Crashed onto the North Yorkshire Moors near
Sadmoor
     
Sqn. Ldr. Walker         Flt. Lt. Lloyd  
20th March 1988 RAF Tornado GR.1   20 Squadron crashed in the desert during Exercise Green Flag in Nevada,
USA

THIS IS THE LOSS REPORTED BELOW

    Martin-Baker
Pilot ejected. Navigator ejected Martin-Baker
30th March 1988
RAF
Tornado GR.1 ZA448/EB
15 Squadron
Crashed on the Nellis AFB
ranges during a "Green Flag" exercise. Control lost after taking avoiding action due to a SAM contact.
    Martin-Baker
Flg. Off. T. D. Robinson
(20 Sqn) ejected safely
Flt. Lt. S. P. Townsend
(20 Sqn) ejected safely
Martin-Baker
FEEDBACK
part 2

ZA448
I remember us losing one aircraft whilst we were in Nellis in March 88, not sure about the second (unidentified aircraft).
I think this is probably a ghost listing for the same crash.

I hope this helps.
Cheers

Steve Cook
in email 11th November 2008
[amended 22nd November 2008]

 

FEEDBACK
part 3

Regarding Tornado crashes and ejections, you have 2 listed for Mar 88 during a Nellis AFB Green Flag and queried whether they were the same.  I was the JEngO on 31 Sqn, which arrived at Nellis shortly after the crash to take over from the previous sqn.  I can confirm that only one aircraft was lost in a crash.  For 9 months of the year, the RAF use to deploy 9 aircraft to RAF Goose Bay for low level training (The aircraft were ‘borrowed’ from all the sqns in the Tornado GR force; one from each operational sqn) and operated by sqn personnel, who rotated through Goose Bay on a regular basis.  The aircraft were also detached from Goose Bay to Nellis for use by the sqn personnel who  rotated through Nellis for Red or Green Flag exercises.  The crew and aircraft are very likely to have been from different Sqns.  In this case the aircraft was from XV Sqn and the crew from 20 Sqn and this may be the reason it is reported twice.  We completed the exercise with 8 aircraft and recovered them to RAF Goose Bay on completion of the Green Flag exercise.

 

Regards

Robert Ryder
in email 21st January 2014
[the greyed out loss is left on file to clarify only one aircraft lost but in the future it may again re-appear in other sources and confuse the listing - Mike]
 

13-1-1989
RAF
Tornado GR.1 ZD891 BB
14 Squadron
Bruggen, West Germany
       


Flew into a formation of 8 West German Air Force Alpha Jets on approach to Wittmund colliding with two of
the trainers. The Tornado and one of the Alpha jets crashed near Weismoor. Two crew of Tornado
killed. Pilot of Alpha Jet 40+87 of JBG 43 ejected.
[afm f/7/89] & full report [afm/j/15/90] & [bmal/237]

WAS THERE ANY EJECTION ATTEMPT BY THE TORNADO CREW ???

20th June 1989
Italian AF
Tornado IDS MM7077/6-65 6 Stormo crashed near its base after a suspected bird
strike whilst flying at 800ft and 225 kts
    Martin-Baker Mk.10
TEN G. Di  Zenzo S.TEN M. Piccoli Martin-Baker Mk.10
26-6-1989
Italian Air Force
Tornado   6 Stormo
Ghedi AFB
crashed near its base     Martin-Baker Mk.10
Pilot ejected Navigator ejected Martin-Baker Mk.10
28th August 1989
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado IDS 706 7 Squadron at Dahran crashed on approach pilot ejected   Martin-Baker Mk.10A
navigator ejected   Martin-Baker Mk.10A
9th January 1990
RAF
Tornado           Martin-Baker
Flt. Lt. I. J. McLean ejected Flt. Lt. N. Johnston ejected Martin-Baker
17th January 1991
RAF
Tornado GR.1 ZD791/BG XV Sqn
 detachment at Muharraq

[previously shown as
14 Sqn]

SAM 16 over Ar Rumaylah Air
Base, Iraq
 
Flt. Lt. John Peters ejected - POW
[Personal testimony]

 Flt. Lt. John Nichol ejected - POW
 
Martin-Baker
16th or 18th January 1991
Italy
Tornado     Enemy action
Major
Gianmarco Bellini

F.Capt. M. Cocciolone
Martin-Baker
Martin-Baker
19th / 20th January 1991
RAF
Tornado GR.1 ZA396/GE 20 Sqn Hit by SAM 7 during low level ground attack mission on Tallil Air Base, Iraq.  

Flt. Lt. R. Stewart ejected POW. Later released. 

Flt. Lt. D. Waddington ejected POW. Later released.

Martin-Baker
20th January 1991
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado IDS 765   ran out of fuel following a missed approach in weather. pilot ejected and rescued DETAILS APPRECIATED Martin-Baker Mk.10A
navigator ejected and rescued DETAILS APPRECIATED Martin-Baker Mk.10A
20th January 1991
RAF
Tornado GR1  ZD893/AG
9 Sqn
Suffered a technical failure on take off from Tabuk, Saudi
Arabia for a ground attack mission
    Martin-Baker
Sqn. Ldr. P. Batson ejected W.C  Mike Heath ejected Martin-Baker
22nd January 1991
RAF
Tornado GR1 ZA467 31Sqn Crashed on Bombing mission to Ar Rutbah, Iraq     Martin-Baker Mk.10A
Sqn Ldr Gary Lennox
killed
Sqn Ldr Adrian Paul 'Kev' Weeks
killed
Martin-Baker Mk.10A
 

S/L Gary Lennox and Flt Lt Weaks were killed in Jan 91.   After releasing bombs they crashed.  I don’t know the full circumstances.   Tobuk only lost 2 Tornados and the second was Batson and Mike Heath which you have captured correctly.  I was waiting at the end of the runway when they tried to land which was not possible so they went to a safe area and ejected safely. 

Mick Parsons

24th January 1991
RAF
Tornado GR.1  ZA403/CO
17 Sqn. Ar Rumaylah Air Base, Iraq
1000 lb bomb exploded
prematurely

Sqn. Ldr. R. Ankerson ejected - POW

Flg. Off. S. Burgess ejected - POW

[Pilot Flt. Lt. Simon Burgess was killed when parachute failed to deploy when ejecting from Hawk
T.1 XX164 on 13-2-1996]

Martin-Baker
14th February 1991
RAF
Tornado GR.1 ZD717/CD XV Sqn
 detachment at Muharraq

[previously shown as
17 Sqn. Al Taqaddum Air Base, Iraq]

Hit by two SA-2 SAMs
during laser guided bombing mission
  Martin-Baker
 Navigator Flt. Lt. Stephen M. Hicks ejected but was killed Flt. Lt. R. Clark ejected Martin-Baker

FEEDBACK

Re:- ZD791 17/1/91 and ZD717 14/2/91.

You have these listed as 14 sqn and 17sqn respectively but in fact they  were both XV Sqn.

I can see why you have made this error. The tail numbers would suggest  the aircraft came from those squadrons but during the first Gulf  conflict, the most suitable aircraft in terms of modification state and  flying hours were pooled and distributed between the three RAF  detachments at Muharraq, Dhahran and Tabuk.
(http://www.raf.mod.uk/history/RAFAircraftinOperationGranby.cfm)

Both aircraft above were from the XV Sqn detachment at Muharraq and both  sets of aircrew were regular XV Sqn members. I was a XV Sqn ground  engineer and was present in Muharraq when the two aircraft were lost.

Regards,

Paul
in email 7th March 2013
entries amended 7th March 2013

10th May 1991
RAF
Tornado GR.1  ZA376 on loan to 20 Sqn but flown by 15 Sqn crew Crashed near
Lubberstedt, Germany. Crew ejected by navigator
  Martin-Baker

Martin-Baker

Sqn. Ldr. Pablo Mason Flt. Lt. Rob Woods
8th August 1991
German AF
Tornado 44+77 jbG.33 Crashed between Lanstein and Badaems during a sortie
from Buchel
    Martin-Baker
Capt. Albrecht ejected safely 1.Lt. J. Asanger ejected safely Martin-Baker
23rd August 1991
RAF
Tornado           Martin-Baker
Flg. Off. G. Harley Flg. Off. M. Entwhistle Martin-Baker
12th September 1991
RAF
Tornado GR.1  ZA540/JQ
27 Sqn
Marham
crashed into the Bristol Channel south of
Steep Holm Island
    Martin-Baker
Flt. Lt. A. Edwards W.C J. Ball Martin-Baker
 10th October 1991
German Navy
Tornado 43+84 MfG.1 collided in mid-air during 'buddy buddy"
refueling and crashed into the sea near the Skaggerak between Denmark and Norway
Lt. Cdr. D.Henschel

O.Lt. M. Gohler 

Lt. Cdr. K. Seemann

  Martin-Baker
  Martin-Baker
 10th October 1991
German Navy
Tornado 46+17 MfG.1   Martin-Baker
  Martin-Baker
6th February 1992
German Navy
Tornado 46+16 MfG.1 crashed into a field at Cloppenburg, near Oldenburg, northern
Germany
  Lt. B. Bardischewski ejected suffering minor injuries Martin-Baker
  Lt. A. Hug ejected suffering minor injuries Martin-Baker
19th January 1993
German AF
Tornado 44+99 JBG34 crashed in in open field near Ansbach, Bavaria   #  
Capt. Rudolph ejected Capt. Brosch ejected  
21st October 1993
RAF
Tornado F3 ZE858/GO
43 Sqn
crashed
onto moorland adjacent to the A66 road at Stainmore near Barnard Castle at the border between
Cumbria and County Durham
     
Flt. Lt. L. Taylor Flt. Lt. S. Walker  
7th June 1994
RAF
Tornado F3 ZE809/HP
111 Sqn on loan to 11 Squadron
crashed into the North
Sea sixty miles east of Newcastle, Tyne and Wear
  Flt. Lt. S. Smiley ejected Martin-Baker
  Flt. Lt. C. Chew ejected Martin-Baker
8th July 1994
RAF
Tornado F3 ZH558   Into Sea off Cyprus near Akrotiri      
Flight Lieutenant Nigel ORME
killed
light Lieutenant StuariJohn MacDonald WALKER
killed
 
18th July 1994
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado
774  
7sq     DETAILS APPRECIATED  
19th July 1994
RAF 
Tornado GR1 ZA368 on loan to 15(R) Sqn  
GAF
 
  Martin-Baker
Hptm. A. Stumpf Flt. S. T. Petherick  Martin-Baker
25th July 1994
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado 763       DETAILS APPRECIATED  
1st August 1994
RAF
Tornado GR1A ZA397/O 2
 Sqn
collided with the underside of Tornado GR1 ZD844/DE
of 31 Sqn at
Radisson, 500 miles north of Quebec, en route to Goose Bay, Newfoundlan
    Martin-Baker
Flg. Off. I. Knott Sqn. Ldr. D. H. Macleod Martin-Baker
1st September 1994
RAF
Tornado GR1A ZG708
13 Sqn
Aircraft low  level  sortie  -  normal  till  something  made  the  pilot  enter  a    steep  bank  from  which  they crashed  at  the  summit  of  the  pass ground  in  Glen  Ogle  Scotland     Martin-Baker
Flight Lieutenant Peter John Michael MOSLEY
killed
Flight Lieutenant Patrick Peter HARRISON
killed
Martin-Baker
19th September 1994
RAF
Tornado GR1A ZG725/J
13 Sqn
into the Mediterranean Sea off Sardinia     Martin-Baker
Flt. Lt. Ring Flg. Off. E. P. Moriarty Martin-Baker
10th March 1995
RAF
Tornado F3 ZE789/AU
56 (R) Sqn
Crashed into the North Sea eleven miles off Spurn
Point, Humberside
    Martin-Baker
Flt. Lt. D. J. Hazell ejected Navigator ejected but declared dead on arrival at hospital Martin-Baker
25th August 1995
German AF
Tornado   JBG.34 collided in mid-air close to their base at Memmiingen,
Bavaria
    Martin-Baker
Pilot ejected Navigator ejected Martin-Baker
25th August 1995
German AF
Tornado   JBG.34 collided in mid-air close to their base at Memmiingen,
Bavaria
    Martin-Baker
Pilot ejected Navigator ejected Martin-Baker
31st August 1995
Italian AF
Tornado MM7076 36-30 36o Stormo/156o Gruppo - Gioia del Colle crashed into the Gulf of
Taranto
    Martin-Baker
Pilot ejected Navigator ejected Martin-Baker
5th September 1995
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado ADV 704 7sq damaged   DETAILS APPRECIATED  
14th September 1995
RAF
Tornado GR1A ZG714/Q
13 Sqn Aircraft
both crew 12th Sqn
Nose wheel collapse following Aquaplaning on landing at Goose Bay, Canada     Martin-Baker
Pilot Capt (RNLAF exchange) Jon Semmeling ejected Navigator  Flt Lt Mike Looseley ejected Martin-Baker
30th October 1995
RAF
Tornado F3 ZE733
43 Sqn Leuchers
collided with Tornado F3 ZE210/GD at night over the North
Sea sixty miles north east of Berwick, Northumberland. ZE210/GD landed safely
    Martin-Baker
Flt. Lt. McCarry ejected and rescued by a Sea King from Boulmer Flt. Lt. Booth ejected and rescued by a Sea King from Boulmer Martin-Baker
10th January 1996
RAF
RAF Tornado F.3 ZE166/AF
56R Sqn
Coningsby
ACM collided with ZE862/AB     Martin-Baker
Pilot ejected Navigator ejected Martin-Baker
10th January 1996
RAF
RAF Tornado F.3 ZE862/AB
56R Sqn
Coningsby
ACM collided with ZE166/AF   Martin-Baker
Pilot ejected Navigator Ian Weaver ejected Martin-Baker
FEEDBACK
                 
11th January 1996
RAF
Tornado GR.1 ZD846/BL
14 Sqn
RAF Laarbruch

crashed into woodland on a golf course  near Albachten, 6 miles southwest of Munster, Germany

 

    Martin-Baker
Pilot (Italian AF on exchange) ejected at 1000 feet Navigator ejected ejected at 1000 feet Martin-Baker
26th February 1996
RAF
Tornado GR.1 ZD845/AF
9 Sqn
Crashed due to a Gearbox Faliure - forced to divert to RAF Laarbruch

crashed 8 miles south of Laarbruch, some 2 miles west of Kamp Lintford, beetween Geldern and Issum

    Martin-Baker
Sqn. Ldr. Risdale
ejected safely
W. C. Peach
ejected safely
Martin-Baker
8th December 1997
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado 7517 83sq     DETAILS APPRECIATED  
5th June 1998
RAF
Tornado F-3 ZE732
BB
29sq
RAF Coningsby
Lost during outine training flight with two other Tornadoes off Flamborough Head near Bridlington, Yorkshire     Martin-Baker
pilot
Squadron Leader William Michael Vivian
33
killed
navigator
Flight Lieutenant Derek Stuart Lacey
33
killed
Martin-Baker
25th June 1998
RAF
Tornado GR4 ZA84
AA
9sq Damaged      
8th November 1998
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado ADV 2912 29sq     DETAILS APPRECIATED  
8th November 1998
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado ADV 2916 29sq     DETAILS APPRECIATED  
21st January 1999
11.35am
  Tornado GR1 ZA330
(B08)
 TTTE Cottesmore low level mid air collision with a Cessna over Sherwood Forest, Mattersey Nottinghamshire      
Italian
student
Matteo Di Carlo, a 25-year-old Italian student pilot-officer
killed
British QFI instructor Flight Lieutenant Greg Hurst, 35 in the back seat
killed
 
FEEDBACK

One more for your list is that of Tornado GR1 ZA330 (B08) of TTTE Cottesmore
which had a low level mid air collision with a Cessna over Sherwood Forest
in late 98 early 99 just before TTTE ceased flying. The pilot was an Italian
student with a British QFI in the back seat. There was no ejection made
however, through the impact to the radome the pilots drogue initiated a
manual release but the aircraft crashed within seconds. Unfortunately the
occupents of the Cessna also perished. Further to the aircrafts history,
ZA330 was the first British Tornado to do an inadvertent wheels up landing
at RAF Coningsby around 84 time. It was so badly damaged it was ferried to
BAE Warton for an extensive rebuild. Spookily, I was the see in crew on B08
in 1980 when the aircraft arrived at TTTE on initial dispatch to the RAF
with A BAE crew.

Regards
Terry Haggan
in email 16th February 2008

FEEDBACK

I am a resident of Mattersey, Nottinghamshire and was at home the day that Tornado ZA330 (B08) was involved in the collision with the Cessna.

I did not see the actual collision but heard the Tornado as it approached the village, I then heard a sound like an almighty crack.  I immediately went outside to find what looked like paper or foil falling out of the sky, my first thoughts were that the Tornado may have inadvertently fired released chaff and this was what I was seeing.

Within moments there was a huge thunderous rumbling explosion form the far side of Pusto Hill followed by a massive black cloud of smoke (like a mushroom cloud)

My neighbour came to me to say she saw the Tornado fly right through the Cessna and that the Cessna had broken up and fallen to the ground near the school. My daughter was in the school so I jumped into the car and went straight there, thankfully the debris had missed the school and had fallen in a field about 300 meters away.  As I arrived there was another person arriving, I had a mobile telephone with me so called the emergency services and waited for the Fire Engine to attend, having directed them to the crash site I left.

It was clear from what I had seen that the two guys in the Cessna had not survived but there was hope that at least one of the servicemen had survived as a parachute had been seen by some people.  The parachute belonged to Matteo Di Carlo but we heard a few hours later that he had not survived the impact of the aircraft collision.

The crash site of the Tornado was about 1 to 1.5 miles away in a field by the side of a village called Everton.  It was surreal, from what I saw there were just a few peices of smoking wreckage I remember that I thought they must be engines.  The vast majority of the Tornado was not visible, I dont know if it was burried in the field or if it had exploded into fragments.

Both crash sites were horffic scenes that I will never be able to forget.  My thoughts go out to the 4 guy's families.

Regards

Allan
in email 28th August 2010

 
1st September 1999
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado 7501         DETAILS APPRECIATED  
14th October 1999
RAF
Panavia Tornado GR.1 ZD809 15 Reserve Squadron RAF based at RAF Lossiemouth UK Routine sortie to training grounds in Germany were aborted due to bad weather. Crashed into farmland between Ingoe and Kirheaton some 15 miles outside Newcastle Upon Tyne.     Martin-Baker
pilot Flt.Lt Richard Ashley Wright
30
killed
navigator Flt.Lt Sean Patrick Casabayo
30
killed
Martin-Baker
   
Wednesday 17th November 1999
RAF
Tornado F.3 ZE830
5 Sqn
RAF Coningsby
Lincolnshire
Crashed near the British Energy Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor nuclear power station at Torness, East Lothian in the UK during a night low level  navigational training mission. The aircraft was steered clear of the nuclear plant. The crew then abandoned the aircraft which continued and crashed in to the sea 1km off the East Lothian coast, nr Torness Point.     Martin-Baker Mk.10A
pilot
ejected
landed near the village of Birnieknowes
rescued by a 202 Squadron Sea King from Boulmer

 
navigator
ejected
landed near the village of Birnieknowes
rescued by a 202 Squadron Sea King from Boulmer

 
Martin-Baker Mk.10A
   
   
18th November 2000
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado IDS 6610 66sq in the Beesha   DETAILS APPRECIATED  
18th March 2001
9 o'clock

Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado     crashed due to a technical fault on a training mission in the Eastern Province      
Captain Nawaf bin Jijab bin Eidal-Otaibi
killed
First Lieutenant Fayez bin Awadh bin Rajeh Al-Rouqi
killed
 
Tuesday
28th June 2001
evening

Royal Saudi Air Force



Royal Air Force

Tornado   technical failure Crashed in the southern part of the Kingdom during a night training exercise pilot ejected and rescued DETAILS APPRECIATED Martin-Baker Mk.10A
navigator ejected and rescued DETAILS APPRECIATED Martin-Baker Mk.10A
Can anyone confirm nationality of the crew ??
14th July 2001
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado           DETAILS APPRECIATED  
8th November 2001
09.03


German
A.F.
Tornado 44+51   Birdstrike. Crashed  on the beach in a 60 degree dive, where it exploded     Martin-Baker
ejected - landed in water ejected - landed on Vliehors Gunnery Range Martin-Baker
18th May 2002
Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado CS 8313 83sq damaged   DETAILS APPRECIATED  

Wednesday 15th May 2002


German AF

Panavia Tornado

 

 

Crashed in mountains while operating out of Holloman AFB tactical training centre New Mexico, USA

One crewmember ejected safely

 

Martin-Baker 

Friday 17th May 2002
 

Royal Air Force
Tornado  GR4 serial VI
No. 2 (AC) Sqn
RAF Marham in Norfolk
crashed in the river Humber due to a rear fusealage fire caused by engine break up over time and the collection of metal peices causing the engine to over heat Martin-Baker
??? ???
Pilot ejected safely Navigator ejected safely Martin-Baker
12th March 2003
Royal Air Force
Tornado F3   Damaged        
23rd March 2003
Royal Air Force
Tornado
GR4
ZG710
D
Yahoo 76
9 Squadron
based at Ali Al Salem in Kuwait
also seen as13th Sqn
CENTCOM reported that a Patriot missile downed the Tornado     Martin-Baker
Flight Lt Kevin Main
killed
Flight Lt David Williams
killed
Martin-Baker
Monday
7th April 2003

Italian AF
Tornado     Puglia, Italy     Martin-Baker
ejected safely ejected safely Martin-Baker
25th August 2003
Royal Air Force
Tornado F3 ZG751
WP
11 Sqn Damaged      
?? October 2003
Royal Air Force
Tornado GR4 ZA563
AG
9 Sqn Damaged      
21st November 2003
Royal Air Force
Tornado GR4 ZA452
DF
31 Sqn Damaged      
28th November 2003
Royal Air Force
Tornado GR4 ZA608 15 [R]Sqn        
4th December 2003
Royal Air Force
Tornado F3 ZH555
PT
56 Sqn Damaged      
22nd April 2004
GAF

                                                                                                   
Tornado                
 
  Martin-Baker
Pilot Colonel Helmar Storm ejected at 5000 metres lieutenant colonel Bert Bert-Ullrich Schmidt ejected at 5000 metres Martin-Baker
22nd April 2004
GAF
Tornado  
51 Immelmann reconnaissance squadron, Jagel
Two German Air Force Tornado jets both from the same squadron collided in mid-air above the St Peter-Ording beach resort on the North Sea at an altitude of 5000 metres Martin-Baker
Major Arndt Freiberger ejected but did not survive First Lieutenant Sebastian Schulz ejected but did not survive Martin-Baker
22nd July 2004
about 11:00

RAF
Tornado GR4  
No. 2 (AC) Sqn
RAF Marham in Norfolk
crashed in the North Sea between five to 10 miles east of Craster, Northumberland. Helicopter from RAF Boulmer was scrambled after receiving a mayday call just after 1100 BST on Thursday     Martin-Baker
Pilot Ejected Navigator Ejected Martin-Baker
airlifted and taken to hospital in Newcastle within 30 minutes of ejection
9th December 2004
GAF
Tornado ECR 46+42 JBG 32
Lechfeld
Crashed shortly after take-off Lagerlechfeld, Deutschland,     Martin-Baker Mk.10
Pilot killed Navigator killed Martin-Baker Mk.10

Friday 14th October 2005
17:45h

RAF
Tornado F3 ZE962 / XC

nr 35


111 Sqn
crashed into the sea off the east coast of Scotland shortly after taking off from its base     Martin-Baker 10A
Flt. Lt. Sam Cowan ejected Sergeant Iain Logan ejected Martin-Baker 10A
Tuesday 24th October 2006
about 11:15 am

Royal Air Force
Tornado  GR4  
No. 2 (AC) Sqn
RAF Marham in Norfolk
 During a training exercise crashed on the Holbeach coastal bombing range near the Wash in Lincolnshire ??? ??? Martin-Baker Mk 10A zero/zero  ??
Pilot
XIII Sqn
ejected safely
Navigator
XIII Sqn
ejected safely sustained MDC burns
Martin-Baker Mk 10A zero/zero ??
both crew rescued by  Sea King helicopters, from RAF Wattisham and Leconfield, and initially taken to Kings Lynn hospital to be assessed for injuries.
12th April 2007
GAF
Tornado ECR 46+47 JBG 32
Lechfeld
Crashed into Mountain Bernese Oberland, Switzerland     Martin-Baker Mk.10
Pilot killed WSO
injured
Martin-Baker Mk.10
Wednesday  6th June 2007
afternoon

Italian Air Force
Tornado     Crashed  Magliarino, near Ferrara.     Martin-Baker
ejected ejected Martin-Baker
Monday 28th January 2008
11.25am

Italian Air Force
Tornado MM55011 6th Stormo  Ghedi Fire during take off run pic   Martin-Baker
Col. Aurelio Colagrande
ejected
Maj. Vincenzo Ruggiero
ejected
Martin-Baker
Monday 5th August 2008
17:00h

RAF
Tornado GR4 "005" 13 Squadron RAF Marham, Norfolk Ran off runway at Newcastle airport during emergency landing following bird strike      
pilot
OK
no ejection
navigator
OK
no ejection
 
Monday 23rd March 2009
German Air Force

 

GAF Tornado 45+37 belonging to JBG33
 

photo via
Wolfgang

    Martin-Baker
PA 200 Tornado
IDS
45+37 JaboG33
[Jagdbombergeschwader-33]
Büchel air base
North Rhine-Westphalia
Crashed during night-time training sortie Pilot ??
ejected
injured
Navigator ??
ejected
injured
Martin-Baker
Thursday 2nd July 2009
11:45

RAF
Tornado F3 ZE982
call sign Blacksmith 1

43 Sqn
RAF Leuchars
Routine Training flight as the lead aircraft of a pair to enter the valley which then struck the top of Glen Kinglas. Crashed in Glen Kinglas, Argyll, Martin-Baker
Flight Lieutenant Kenneth Thompson
killed
Flight Lieutenant Nigel Morton
killed
Martin-Baker
Monday 20th July 2009
07:20
NATO
RAF
Panavia Tornado GR4   ISAF
[12 Squadron based at RAF Lossiemouth]
Crashed on take off inside Kandahar Airfield     Martin-Baker
ejected
treated at base hospital
ejected
treated at base hospital
Martin-Baker
Further details when available
Sunday 15th November 2009
12:22

Royal Saudi Air Force
Tornado 701 7 Squadron
King Abdul Aziz Airbase
Crashed in Jaishiya, 135 km from Dammam  in the desert along the Riyadh-Dammam Expressway during training exercise     Martin-Baker Mk. SA10A
pilot
ejected
navigator
ejected
Martin-Baker Mk. SA10A
Thursday 27th January 2011
14:43

RAF
Tornado
GR.4
ZG792 RAF Lossiemouth Aircraft caught fire at approximately 6,000 ft. Crashed off the west coast at Loch Ewe, near Gairloch, Wester Ross     Martin-Baker Mk.10
Pilot
ejected
Navigator
ejected
Martin-Baker Mk.10

Crew rescued by Coastguard helicopter from Stornoway and were taken to Raigmore Hospital in Inverness

Thursday 10th February 2011
17:00

RAF
Tornado
GR.4
ZD741
089
C/n 361/BT040/3167
RAF Lossiemouth Problems during landing at Lossiemouth
More details when available
    Martin-Baker Mk.10
Pilot
ejected
Navigator
ejected
Martin-Baker Mk.10
Tuesday 3rd July 2012
<14:00

RAF
Tornado GR4  
XV (Reserve) Squadron
RAF Lossiemouth
Crashed during low flying exercise into the sea off the north east Scottish coast  near the Beatrice oilfield in the Moray Firth, in foggy conditions   Martin-Baker Mk. 10A
Flight Lieutenant Hywel Poole
28
died in hospital
not named Martin-Baker Mk. 10A
Tuesday 3rd July 2012
RAF
Tornado GR4  
XV (Reserve) Squadron
RAF Lossiemouth
Crashed during low flying exercise into the sea off the north east Scottish coast  near the Beatrice oilfield in the Moray Firth, in foggy conditions Martin-Baker Mk. 10A
Flight Lieutenant Adam Sanders
27
missing presumed dead
Squadron Leader Samuel Bailey
35
missing presumed dead
Martin-Baker Mk. 10A
 

Two aircrew picked up by helicopter and flown to Raigmore Hospital in Inverness. One died later [15 (Reserve) Squadron].
Other two crew now presumed killed in crash. Missing
all photos mod
The two crew were recovered several days later

                 
 
Victor Tanker with Tornado and Buccaneer

RAF Tornado Aircraft Losses

Statement on the Loss of RAF Tornado Aircraft in Combat During the Conduct of Air Operations against Iraq.

A total of six Tornado GR1 aircraft were lost in combat during the conduct of air operations against Iraq. In each case, the aircraft were flying in formation with others. Investigations have now been completed into the circumstances of each of the losses, making the best use of the evidence available. Conclusions on the cause of the loss could be reached in four of the cases, but not for the remaining two. The results of the investigation are set out below.

On the morning of 17 January 1991 Flt Lts J G Peters and A G Nichol took part in an attack on an Iraqi airfield with 1,000lb bombs. On departure from the target the formation encountered Anti-Aircraft Artillery (AAA) fire and received multiple surface-to-air threat warnings. Flt Lts Peters and Nichol manoeuvred, apparently successfully, against a missile threat warning, but soon afterwards their aircraft was hit by a missile from a previously unidentified military installation. The crew continued to fly the aircraft for over three minutes before being forced to eject with fuel leaking from the right wing, and flames on the side of the fuselage. The ejections were successful, although both crew members suffered minor injuries. The crew were both captured and held as prisoners of war (POWs) until the cessation of hostilities. The wreckage of the aircraft was found and inspected by the investigating team. Fragments of metal were extracted from the aircraft wreckage and analysed. The investigating team concluded that the aircraft was hit by a surface-to-air missile while leaving the target area. The crew were then faced with a series of problems culminating in loss of control of the aircraft at which point they ejected successfully.

On 19 January 1991 Flt Lts D J Waddington and R J Stewart took part in a night attack against an airfield in SW Iraq with 1,000lb bombs. The formation flew into Iraq at low-level. Shortly before commencement of the loft delivery the formation came under fire from surface-to-air missiles. Flt Lt Waddington attempted to take evasive action, but a missile detonated to the front right hand side of the aircraft. The pilot became unconscious and the navigator initiated command ejection while the aircraft was at high speed. Both pilot and navigator received injuries during the ejection and parachute landing. They were captured and held as POWs until cessation of hostilities. The wreckage of their aircraft was found and briefly inspected by the investigating team; the Accident Data Recorder was recovered for analysis. The investigating team concluded that the aircraft was shot down by a surface-to-air missile during the run-in for a loft attack.

During the early hours of 24 January 1991 Fg Off S J Burgess and Sqn Ldr R Ankerson flew on a mission to attack an airfield in SW Iraq with 1,000lb bombs from level flight at medium altitude. Shortly after having released their weapon load as planned there was a large explosion behind the aircraft and the crew thought they had been hit by a surface-to-air missile. They turned towards the Saudi border with flames spreading along the aircraft wings. The aircraft became difficult to control and the crew prepared for ejection, which they did once control was finally lost. The crew suffered very minor injuries as a result of the ejection and descent. They were both captured and held in captivity until the cessation of hostilities. The wreckage of the aircraft was found and briefly inspected by the investigating team; the Accident Data Recorder was recovered for analysis. Shrapnel fragments recovered from the aircraft wreckage were analysed and indicate conclusively that premature detonation of one or more of the 1,000lb bombs had occurred, damaging the aircraft to such an extent that the crew had no option but to eject.

On 14 February 1991 Flt Lts R J S G Clark and S M Hicks flew on a daylight medium-level mission as part of a formation of Tornadoes and laser designator Buccaneers to attack an airfield in central Iraq with Laser Guided Bombs (LGBs). Just prior to weapon delivery the crew received radar warnings but with only seconds to weapons release, continued with the attack. Only one of the two LGBs was released, with the other remaining hung-up. Shortly after, the Buccaneer crew reported a visual sighting of two SAMs fired from a site to the North of the target. Flt Lts Clark and Hicks attempted to take evasive action and to jettison external stores. Despite the crew's actions a missile exploded beside the aircraft, rupturing a canopy beside the pilot's head and smashing the majority of front cockpit instruments. Flt Lt Clark could not contact his navigator. Immediately after, there was another explosion from a second missile. Despite the extensive damage, including both wings being peppered with holes and no apparent control over the engines, the pilot still had limited control and flew the aircraft for a further two or so minutes before initiating command ejection when he found he could control the aircraft no longer. The pilot sustained a minor injury to his left leg as a result of ejection and descent. Flt Lt Hicks was found to be dead. Flt Lt Clark was subsequently captured and remained as a POW until cessation of hostilities. The crash site was located outside the area of Iraq later occupied by coalition forces and was inaccessible to the investigating team. But on the basis of Flt Lt Clark's report and interviews with other members of the formation, the investigating team were able to conclude that the aircraft was lost as a result of an enemy SAM attack which killed the navigator and severely damaged the aircraft, causing the pilot to eject.

On the evening of 17 January 1991 Wg Cdr T N C Elsdon and Flt Lt R M Collier took part in a JP233 mission against an Iraqi airfield. The formation planned to attack the target on a westerly heading before turning to the North. After a further 10 miles the formation were to turn to the East and leave the area. As they approached the Iraqi border at low level, the formation encountered AAA fire which became progressively more intense towards the target. All four aircraft delivered their weapons and turned onto the northerly heading. As the aircraft turned on to the next, easterly, track a fireball was seen by one of the crews. The leader instigated a radio check in, but received no reply from Wg Cdr Elsdon or Flt Lt Collier. It was subsequently concluded that their aircraft had been seen to hit the ground while leaving the target area. Both aircrew were killed in the crash.

On 22 January 1991 Sqn Ldrs G K S Lennox and K P Weeks led the first of two formations delivering 1,000lb bombs in a night attack on an Air Defence site in western Iraq. The weather was good with excellent visibility, and they carried out a successful attack despite heavy AAA fire. Approximately five seconds later the leader of the following formation saw a fireball erupt in the distance. Closer investigation revealed a series of fires on a hillside to the right of track where the fireball had been. As Sqn Ldrs Lennox and Weeks failed to check in after the attack, the leader realised that this fire trail was probably caused by their aircraft crashing. Both aircrew were killed in the crash.

The crash sites in these last two cases were located outside the area of Iraq later occupied by coalition forces and as such were inaccessible to the investigating team; the investigations were therefore confined to interviews with other members of the formation. The investigating team considered all possible factors in attempting to establish the reason for these two losses. There were several potential causes, including aircraft malfunction, hostile action, aircrew reaction and aircraft handling, but the lack of any firm evidence makes it impossible to reach a positive conclusion, and in each case the cause must remain undetermined.

 

Source List and Acknowledgements to be added